THE l'" .\ dA C.\ AL
( Continued f~~ m last week)
Gatun spillway,' ~ vhere most of the
Electrical Current for the Istmus is
generat d, i made of concrete with
14 steel gates and is 80 feet aero s.
If all gates were open more water
would rush over than goes over ~ he
American falls at Kiagara.
There are six pairs of Locks: Three
pairs at Gatun; 1 pair at Pedro Miguel
and 2 pairs at ~ lirailores.
Gatun locks are 1 1 G miles long.
Pedro l\ Iiguel Locks are 516 of a mile
long, and l\' Iiraflores Locks are 1 mile
plus. Locks are double barrelled, permitting
ships to go in opposite directions
simultaneously. Each 10 k is
1000 feel long and 110 feet wide and
70 feet deep. They are capable of
earing for the largest ships afloat.
l\ Iiraflores Locks have extra depth
because of tidal variations in the
Pacific. Tidal variation in the Atlantic
is about one foot while on the Pacific
the tidal varation is 121 2 feet and
the tide has been kno ' n to vary 21
The total canal receipts to and including
June 30, 1932, were • 292,864,
828.37. Greatest amount of tolls in any
month was 2,5~ 2,815.12 in January,
At Balboa is a drydock capable of
receiving any ship that can " ransit
the canal. It is 1000 feet long and 110
feet wide with a depth over keel blocks
of · 13 feet at high tide.
The coaling plant at Cristobal can
load 1,500 tons of coal per hour which
is as £ a:; t as any ship can receive it.
The number ~ f toll paying vessels
pas ing through the Canal to . June 30,
1D32, was G9,466. Of these, 30,917
were Amel'ican Regbtry, 19,192 British,
3.75' 3 Norwegian, 2,: 566 J'\ pane e,
8DS Chilean, 920 Peruvian, 11,532 Danish,
1,- 188 Dut': h. 1,:; 31 French, ~, I; 5: j
German, and the remaindel' und'r
United State Government and
aval Ship: al'e e.' empted from tolls
and during the above period 6,325 of
. these shil; s tran ' ited the Canal. Ves
sels owned antI operated by the Govt.
of P nama and Colombia do not pay
It requires the following force to
n'aintain and operate the Canal:
;;, 100 American 01' " Gold" emvloyees.
TlIE BLUE BONNET
10,350 Alien or " Silver" employees.
This is one seventh of the entire
strength of the United States avy.
The Panama Railroad extends from
Panama City to Colon and is 47.61
miles in length. It was built in 1 5055
and was the first railroad ever to
Cl'o~ S the American continent. It preceded
by 1 · 1 years the first transcontinental
railroad in the United States.
The following are some of the distance
saved by the canal:
San Francisco to New York 7873
to Pemambuco 3002
to Fre town 1366
Liverpool to San Francisco 5666
to Valparaiso 1540
to Callao ., 4" 43
to Honolulu .______ 4403
" to Wellington, N. Z. __.. 1336
New York to Callao .. 6250
to Yokohama 3357
to Sidney, Australia 3615
to Valparaiso .. , 3747
to Guayaquil 7405
to Wellington, N. Z. 2822
?? WHO RE tEMBERS ??
Four Years Ago This lonth.-
The entire month of April was spent
in Shanghai, China, moored to the
favored buoys 15 and 16.
Aftel two months of little or no
liberty, this month was made quite
pleasant to our former Houstonites
with the return of regular overnight
The greater part of the city was restricted,
although it happened the
favorite haunts of all hands were in
the prescribed Ii berty areas.
The great assemblage of war craft
of various nations vhich was pre
sent during the previous months was
reduced to nearly half, with the troubled
conditions omewhat quiet.
Our Aviation Unit managed to get
in a few hours flight time during this
month by leaving port on the U. S. S.
FI ' Crl. basin~ near the , addle Isla'HI:
off the mouth of the Yan~ tze.
During this time the interdivisional
,- port · rivalry wa: at its peak with
baseball, ' occer and football being the
most popular sport. The Pootung side
of the river, beinl.:' unaffected by the
dis Jute in Shanghai, was the scene of
many bitterly contested, although
thoroughly enjoyed contests.
Turn Out Unnecessary Lights ~
. S. S. Houston- 4- 25- 36- 900.
' EWS OF FORMER SHIPMATES
( Continued From Page One)
" Frankie" Remus, now BM2c., former
genial member of the HOUSTON
l\ IAA force is serving aboard the U.
S. S. TENNESEE once more, having
recently completed a tour of duty at
Trona field, San Pedro. Through a
member of the crew Frankie sends regards
to former shipmates aboard
* * • * * * * *
" Willie" Yates, SK3c, just recently
transferred for duty at the Texas
Centennial, writes telling about his
new duties. t present Willie is
stationed at NTS, San Diego renewing
acquaintances with the rifle etc.
It is his intention to keep us well
informed concerning the Naval part
in the coming Centennial. No doubt,
many of us envy Yates in his pleasant
THE EPAULETS A D
These are worn by officers and came
down from old times when fighting
men engaged in hand to hand fighting
and the shoulders offered a vulnerable
spot to a man wielding a heavy
sab r. Also it wa the most logical
spot offered by a man on horseback
attacking a foot soldier, hence a heavy
plate of metal was worn to protect
the shoulders. In the old armor suits
the shouldel's were reinforced by
cpecially thick metal. -_._......--- WllAT TO SEE IN PANAMA
'( Continued From Page One)
The Church of the Golden Altar, a
rar and priceless historic edifice.
Balboa and Ancon Clubhouses,
operated for the benefit of Canal Zone
employees and people of the CO'l1munity.
Service men are always
welcome to the privileges offered
by the Clubhouses.
NAVY RELIEF SOCIETY
( Continued Fr~ m Page One)
terest, 21< 1,734.09: These loans are
repaid by monthly allotments.
Remember these figures when you
are next asked to contribute to this
YOlll' Service Charity, to aid a fellow
shipmate who has found it hard to
make both end' meet.