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Page 39. 1870. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. July 31, 2014. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll11/item/64.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1870). Page 39. Scenes from the Middle East. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll11/item/64

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Page 39, 1870, Scenes from the Middle East, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed July 31, 2014, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll11/item/64.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Page 39
Creator (Local)
  • Holland, Frederick Whitmore, 1837-1880
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Great Britain). Committee of General Literature and Education
Publisher Jas. Truscott and Son
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1870
Description Sinai and Jerusalem; or, Scenes from Bible Lands: Illustrated by Twelve Colored Photographic Views, Including a Panorama of Jerusalem, With Descriptive Letterpress. London: Printed by Jas. Truscott and Son, Suffolk Lane, City.
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Palestine--Description and travel
  • Sinai Peninsula--Description and travel
  • Jerusalem--Description and travel
  • Human geography
Subject.Name (Local)
  • Holland, Frederick Whitmore, 1837-1880
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Palestine
  • Sinai Peninsula
  • Jerusalem
Genre (AAT)
  • illustrated books
Language English
Physical Description 52 pages, illustrated, XII colored plates (1 fold.), 28 cm; Purple cloth stamped in black, gold, red and green. Bevelled edges. Edges gilt.
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
Original Item Location DS107 .H64 1870
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b3601783~S11
Digital Collection Scenes from the Middle East
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/p15195coll11
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This image is in the public domain and may be used freely. If publishing in print, electronically, or on a website, please cite the item using the citation button.
File name meast_201009_070.jpg
Transcript THE DEAD SEA. A few hot springs show the presence of volcanic action, and masses of asphaltum rise from the bottom, and are found floating on the surface, especially, it is said, after earthquakes. In ancient times it was supposed that some hidden outlet must exist by which the waters escaped; for although the Jordan is continually pouring into it a large volume of water, its level never varies much. The real cause, however, of this phenomenon is the enormous evaporation which is continually going on: this is sufficiently great to keep it within its present limits. Nearly 4,000 years ago, when Abraham and Lot separated, and Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan, because " it was well watered everywhere before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar" (Gen. xiii. 10), the aspect of the surrounding country must have been very different. There must always, however, have been a lake there to receive the waters of the Jordan; for even the Sea of Galilee is depressed considerably below the level of the Mediterranean and Red Seas; and the Jordan must always have emptied its waters into the deep basin of the Dead Sea. " The Vale of Siddim, which is the Salt Sea," is mentioned as the place where the five kings were joined together to give battle to the four who marched against them. The cities of the plain formed evidently at that time one of the chief centres of civilised life in Palestine. In the battle which ensued, the Kings of Sodom and Gomorrah are described as having fallen at the slime-pits, which were in the vale. It is interesting to find now, in the same locality, the existence of bitumen, or asphaltum, both rising from the bottom of the sea, and also occurring in the salt- pits in the surrounding marshes. But the Dead Sea is best known to us as the site of the terrible catastrophe which befel the wicked cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, when "the Lord rained down upon them brimstone and fire out of Heaven" (Gen. xix. 24). The exact situation of those doomed cities has never been discovered; a well-known traveller, indeed, professes to have found their ruins, but his account has not been confirmed by subsequent investigation. It seems probable that the sea was formerly of smaller extent than at present; if so, the ruins perhaps lie beneath its waters. That they were,
Page Sequence Number S046