NCAA: Serving Higher Education
Now in its 77th year of service, the
National Collegiate Athletic Association
continues to meet the demands of its
member institutions. While serving the
nation's colleges and universities, the
NCAA is the voice of intercollegiate
A call for stricter control of college
football by President Theodore Roosevelt because of the violence in the game
brought together 13 institutions in 1905,
formulating the original communications base for college athletics.
This initial body called itself the Intercollegiate Athletic Association and
was officially constituted March 3 1,
1906. In 1910, the name was changed to
the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
More than seven progressive decades
have molded this original 13-member
body into a membership today of more
than 900 colleges, universities, conferences and affiliated organizations.
Administration and rules interpretation occupied early efforts of the organization. Shortly after World War II, the
NCAA adopted legislative and executive
powers, changing its function into one
dealing with virtually all issues concerned with intercollegiate athletics.
Many things have become associated
with the NCAA during its colorful history. Highest priority goes to the service
it provides to its members, acting as the
true "voice" of college athletics today.
Each January the NCAA membership
comes together at the annual Convention to review, propose and amend legislation. The Convention presents the
opportunity for the nation's institutions
of higher learning to speak and act on
athletic matters on the national level.
Acting in the best interests of its
membership, the NCAA strives to perform these specific functions among its
many other responsibilities:
• Conducts 42 annual National Collegiate Championships in 19 men's sports
for three separate divisions. Three
championships (Division I, Division II
and Division III) are held in baseball,
basketball, cross country, golf, soccer,
swimming, tennis, outdoor track and
wrestling. Two championships are
staged in gymnastics, lacrosse and ice
hockey. Fencing, rifle, skiing, indoor
track, volleyball and water polo hold
single National Collegiate Championships, while football is contested in Divisions I-AA, II and III. The NCAA is
conducting 31 women's championships
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NCAA national office
in the 1982-83 academic year in addition
to the 42 held for men. Women's championships will be held in all three divisions in basketball, cross country, field
hockey, softball, swimming, tennis, outdoor track and volleyball. Two championships (Division I and Division II) will
be staged in gymnastics, while fencing,
golf, lacrosse, soccer and indoor track
will hold single National Collegiate
Championships. The National Collegiate Championship dates back to 1883
in tennis; and during this 100-year history, more than 13,000 student-athletes
have earned the coveted title of "National Collegiate Champion."
• Maintains 23 men's sports committees, including 14 men's rules committees to formulate, copyright and publish
rules of play for the government of
collegiate sports. Members of these and
many other committees, including 16
women's sports/rules committees, are
elected by representatives of member
institutions at the annual Convention.
• Publishes a tabloid newspaper 46
times per year, rules books in 12 sports,
record books in football and basketball
and various other publications.
• Collects, compiles and distributes
the official statistics of college football,
basketball and baseball in men's sports,
and basketball and softball in women's
• Conducts studies as a means of developing solutions to athletic problems.
• Represents the membership in legislative and regulatory matters on the
state and Federal levels.
• Annually selects the College Athletics Top Ten and the Theodore Roosevelt
("Teddy") Award —the Association's
• Administers an honors program
which annually awards 90 postgraduate
scholarships to recognize outstanding
senior student-athletes who have excelled in the classroom as well as athletics. This scholarship is for $2,000. The
program has provided $1,784,000 to
1,354 recipients since its inception in the
1964-65 academic year.
• Promotes and participates in international sports planning and competition through membership in the United
States Olympic Committee, Amateur
Basketball Association of the USA,
Track and Field Association of the USA,
and the United States Baseball, Gymnastics and Wrestling Federations.
• Maintains more than SO full-time
staff members at its national headquarters in Mission, Kansas, under the supervision of Executive Director Walter