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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956
File 055
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 055. 1956-12. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 22, 2017. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/684.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-12). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 055. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/684

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 055, 1956-12, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 22, 2017, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/684.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date December 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries Special Collections
  • Energy & Sustainability Research Collection
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 055
Transcript Brownell Interview (Continued from page 72) that the facts of each case would determine the answer. Have you made anv- plans for it, or looked ahead to it?" inquired Mr. Sylvester. No, we take these cases one at a Mine." replied Mr. Brownell. "So far. •here is no doubt that great progress is being made in the integration of the Schools. This has been done in an Orderly way without the necessity of any action by the courts of the type •hat you suggest." *>ood Integration Examples Cited Pointing to Louisville, Washington, 0. C, ancl Baltimore as cities where Integration has been effected in an Itcouraging manner, Mr. Rrownell ■.pressed the opinion that in many jargc areas of the country, especially "1 the- border states, substantial progress was being inacle-, and the hope 'hat eventually steady progress would be made in the same manner through- lit the seventeen states that did not ■ve integrated schools at the time of ■he Supreme Court decision. Mr. Sylvester asked, "Is there, as a latter of fact, any way provided under "Ur form of government, in which the Supreme Court or the Federal Court -an enforce its decision? It seems to me," he continued, "that he ol our presidents — was it Jeffer- 0n? — said in thc case of Chief ttstice Marshall, 'Now, let him e-n- 'orce the- decision, having made it'?" That, to my mind, was never a very B-inclusive statement," demurred Mr. jrownell, "because the primary way s been shown recently when the pvernors of several of the border ptes, realizing that the states have '1st as much obligation as the federal pvernment to see that court orders le carried eiut. went ahead, and in the formal wax- under our system of gov- ■tnment, took the necessary steps. Now, that would be the usual '-'ay," he added. "As you noticed, the •outhern governors at their conference [dinted that out, and the President has Pointed it out in press conferences Bo. There has been no indication that '' is necessary to go farther." Mr. Mollenhoff asked if the briefs Inich the Attorney-Genera] had been Weed to file supporting desegregation 'ad injured the Republican position in 195" Facts Forum News, December, 1956 the South and jeopardized Republican chances of carrying southern states in the election which, at the time of this interview, was in the offing. As far as the Department of Justice was concerned, Mr. Brownell felt there should be no partisan aspect whatever to the handling of the desegregation ruling. "In this, as in every other thing that we have to handle in the Department of Justice," he emphasized, "we are- going to do what we think is the right thing to do from the standpoint of the public welfare and the law of this country regardless of consequences." The impression was voiced by Mr. Sylvester that the element of politics was injected into this issue by Vice President Nixon, who bad hailed the decision as one led by a great Republican Chief Justice. "I have heard that argument," replied Mr. Rrownell, "but after listcn- ing to both sides of the matter, I felt that it was not any deliberate attempt to inject politics into the- situation." "The minute you characterize a Chief Justice by cither party you introduce a political note, elo you not?" insisted Mr. Sylvester. Mr. Brownell reiterated that under all the circumstances in that case, he felt there- was no intention of bringing in party politics. Now You See It — Now You Don't "Mr. Mollenhoff, Mr. Sylvester," inserted Mr. Hurleigh, "could I interject for the benefit of clarification that we have a situation here where disagreement has arisen over the placement of a comma. In Mr. Nixon's earlier remarks regarding the Chief Justice, there are those who feel that he said 'a Republican Chief Justice.' while others interpreted his remarks as 'a great Republican, comma, Chief Justice.'" "In a conversation of this kind," interposed Mr. Rrownell, "1 think we ought to look at the broad aspect of the picture. I think that the local officials in the areas where this is a great social problem have- done a guild job. The law enforcement officials of both federal and state governments have likewise used their utmost endeavor to see that the integration decision is carried forward in an orderly way. I do not think we should flash back in anv way the progress that has been made. It has been remarkable and fine, and I look forward to a continuation in the same spirit." Mr. Mollenhoff inquired whether the Republican administration should, in Mr. Brownell's opinion, have credit for the progress that has been made on integration in southern schools. "I believe that you will find," replied Mr. Brownell, "that the whole program of civil rights has received great impetus in the Eisenhower administration, ancl that in many areas progress has been made which is to their credit — not only in this particular area about which we are talking, but in seeing to it that government contracts are awarded without regard to race or color, and that discrimination is abolished in the armed forces as well as in the District of Columbia government, in seeing to it that in interstate commerce there shall be no racial or color discrimination in transportation facilities. "I think it should be noted," he summed up, "that the Republican administration has made great progress, ancl that forceful leadership has been exhibited." Who Pays the Freight? Mr. Mollenhoff, always on the alert for news values in looking at "the other side of the coin" inquired, "How- can vein take credit without assuming the political liability?" "Well, as I tried to intimate a little while ago," replied Mr. Brownell, "I think that as far as political conse- quences are- concerned, they all follow naturally. However, we want to point out our record in this matter: it is the sincere belief of the President that by public education and leadership we can solve this discrimination problem and reach the goal that the Constitution laid out for us that there should be no second-class citizens in this country, and that people should be regarded on their merits, and not discriminated against just because of their color or their race." "I take it then, Mr. Attorney-General, that you endorse the decision of the Supreme Court on desegregation?" inquired Mr. Sylvester. Mr. Rrownell replied that he felt his own opinion in this matter had been pretty well set forth in the briefs that had been filed by the Attorney- General's office at the request of the Supreme Court in school integration Page 53
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