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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956
File 028
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 028. 1956-12. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 25, 2017. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/657.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-12). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 028. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/657

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 028, 1956-12, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 25, 2017, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/657.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date December 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries Special Collections
  • Energy & Sustainability Research Collection
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 028
Transcript ■ p. they been guests somewhere. They were very English about it. This break did a lot to keep up morale." While they were still able to get together, British and American p.o.w.'s who hadn't seen a square meal for a long time would engage in animated discussion of each other's choice dishes. Some fellows filled notebooks with such recipes when they were supposed to be writing Marxist ideology. Brainwashing Defined and Analyzed Through many disclosures, brainwashing was revealed as a political strategy made up of two processes: (1) The conditioning or softening-up process, primarily for control purposes; (2) An indoctrination or persuasion process, for conversion purposes. They can be conducted simultaneously, or one can precede the other. The Communists are coldly practical about it: Only results count. They operate strictly within the framework of "dialectical materialism, which recognizes only power. The sole reason that the Bed hierarchy concerns itself with indoctrination is for Party discipline, their only protection. Thex want to make sure that their followers do not grab the first opportunity to turn against them. That is their eternal nightmare, the problem they have been unable to solve and never can — short of creating a "new Soxiet iii.m" with the instinctive obedience of a termite instead of a free xvill. Communism, as practiced in real life — and brainwashing amply proves this — has nothing to do with the word as defined by the dictionary. The Party's own name is one of its striking examples of double-talk. Communism is a sheer power system, gang rule with modern appliances. As long as the individual member submits unquestion- ingly, he is a "disciplined Party member." The retention of his own individuality by a single person is recognized as a deadly menace to the whole monolithic structure. The methods used to make "learning" and confession palatable are borrowed freely from three sources: evangelism, psychiatry, and science. The language and ideals in each of these fields were taken over and given new meanings, new interpretations. Brainwashing is a combination of fake evangelism and quack psychiatry in a set- tiii" of false science. It is a system of befogging the brain so ,i person can be seduced into acceptance of what otherwise xvould be abhorrent. Ultra-Refined Torture Hunger is an ever-present element in brainwashing cases and ranges from planned malnutrition to outright starvation. Diet deficiencies are cunningly thought up by diet specialists whose job it is to keep meals scientifically unbalanced. The usual Communist tactic is to provide just enough fooel for survival but not enough for adequate brain functioning. The p.o.w. camp in Korea, nicknamed Pak's Palace, was under rigid mind-enfeebling dietary rules. That xx as a specialized institution. Soviet Russians were attached to it. P.o.w.'s sate them in Russian Army uniforms. Pak's Palace worked closely with brainwashing establishments directly under Soxiet Russian inquisitors in Manchuria, to which some prisoners were transferred for advanced treatment. In Pak's Palace, the minimum amount of rice a man could eat anel still survive was carefully tabulated and then cut by one-third. Page 26 Back from Communist prison, Robert A. Voge- ler, American businessman who was captured and brainwashed in Hungary, speaks at a news conference immediately after his return, at New York 5 International Airport. WIDE WOULD PHOTO Looking back over their experiences, ex-prisoners were able to see how cunningly the hunger motive was used. Amounts of food ladled out were adjusted to effects desired, like a treatment, without relation to available supplies. Fooel was apportioned according to a man's resistance qualities. This was even done openly. Every p.o.w. in Korea knew th.it the boys who collaborated got extras. An additional spoonful of cabbage in a bowl of rice can become the most important thing in the world to a man, inciting any sacrifice. In the same camp, some ate better while others starved. Without a word said, this constituted a powerful argument and pressure. Fatigue is another of the chronic conditions under brainwashing. No more insidious poison exists than fatigue, and no worse torture than prolonged fatigue. Its wean ing, debilitating effects are maddening. Most people at some time have gone for 24 hours without sleep. Many have survived several days in a row with very little sleep. But kept up, this cracks the finest mind and drives the strongest person insane. Suicide is a welcome relief. Tenseness is another chronic state artificially aroused. The prisoner is thrust into an iron-curtained compartment inside an iron-bamboo curtain, the prey to petty, fearsome hints and warnings, with no means of checking any detail- Tenseness has many forms and the Reds take advantage of tlie-m all. They range from uncertainty and frustration to hopelessness. No matter whether the- man I interviewed came from3 satellite country in Europe or from Heel China, his brain- washers had told him that be had been deserted and betrayed by country, church, anel friends, so that he noV stood all alone. This was impressed on Robert Vogeler in Budapest until he trieel unsuccessfully to climb oxer a railing anel hurl himself to death from the awful loneliness- This, too, was told to Robert T. Bryan, Jr., the China-born American lawyer in Shanghai. The- p.o.w.'s in Korea tol'1 me the same. The hopelessness-inevitability line permeates (jiiiini'1' nist strategy everywhere the Heels go, whether in an international conference as at Geneva, or in a torture chambe* in a grim Leningrad prison. Communist strategy, often incomprehensible otherwise, makes sense when analyze4' from the standpoint of hopelessness-inevitability. Confess your guilt, cleanse yourself, anel you will he accepted into our paradise, the-y seem to say. Thex funnel Facts Forum News, December, 1956
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