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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956
File 022
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 022. 1956-12. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 25, 2017. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/651.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-12). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 022. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/651

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956 - File 022, 1956-12, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 25, 2017, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/699/show/651.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 12, December 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date December 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries Special Collections
  • Energy & Sustainability Research Collection
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 022
Transcript ' INTRODUCTION Edward Hunter, a native of New York, has based this excellent book upon thirty years' experience in writing, editing, gathering pertinent facts in remote places, frequently far off the main-traveled roads. Thoroughly at home in Japan, China, and Manchuria, he wrote, in the early 193G"s, the only accounts of the massacres of Manchurian villages which were incorporated into the records of United Nations. He later covered the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, then the Civil War in Spain. From Pearl Harbor to V-J Day, he served with U. S. forces in the China-Burma-India theatre. Since then, he has followed the news as it happened in Korea, Hong-Kong, Singapore, and elsewhere; is currently studying the situation in Afghanistan. Mr. Hunter's analysis of the almost incredible phenomenon of "brainwashing" is regarded by many American leaders as being of decisive importance to our survival. At the conclusion of his testimony before the McClellan Committee in June, 1956, Senator McClellan commented: "I am sure your books and your writings and your experience will be very valuable if we can get all that before the American people." BRAINWASHING A CONDENSATION The new word brainwashing entered our minds and dictionaries in a phenomenally short time. This sinister political expression had never been seen in print anywhere until a few years ago. The reason the word xxas picked up so quickly xxas that it was not just a clever synonym for something already known, but described a strategy that yet liacl no name. A vacuum in language existed: No word tied together the various tactics that make up the process by which the Communists expected to create their "nc-xx Soviet man." The words came out of the sufferings of the Chinese people. Put under a terrifying combination of subtle and crude mental and physical pressures and tortures, they detected a pattern and called it brainwashing. The Reds wanted people to believe that it could be amply described by some familiar expression such as education, public relations, persuasion — or by some misleading term like mind reform and re-education. None of these could define it. The Chinese knew they hadn't just been re-educated or persuaded. Something much more dire had been perpetrated on them, similar in many ways to a medical treatment; more like witchcraft. The Communist hierarchy preferred people to believe that there xvas no such thing as brainwashing. As long as they could keep it concealed, without a name, opposition could be kept scattered and ineffective. Dr. Meerlo, a psychiatrist, coined the word menticide — murder of the mind — for this atrocious quack science devised by the Reds to bring about the voluntary submission of people- to unthinking discipline and robotlike enslavement; but the popular word remained brainwashing. After the exchange of prisoners of war in Korea, I was asked a number of times by repatriates, now sadder and wiser, "Why wasn't I told? If I had only been told, I don* believe it could have happened to me." My first acquaintance with brainwashing came I''1"" Chinese who had undergone it on the mainland. 'Ill1') were of all occupations, from merchant to teacher, and included some women. I remember one white man coining out of China, who seemed to symbolize them all. A ( atl' iilic priest, he walked feebly, Ins eyes staring ahead wit" frightful intensity. He looked much older than his mil''"' age. He could not grasp the fact that he was finally °" of reach of the brainwashers. He just stood and stared- Suddenly, realization broke through — he- was in a free world. He took a few steps, sat down, and burst into teal* None of these white people, and few of the Chim's<'- would speak to the press during that early period. "■* Reds threatened to punish and even kill the closest associates of any man who broke the hush-hush. Before leaVM® Red China, each person had to designate a hostage xxl'0 would sign a guarantee for him. "Please do not talk: ny life is dependent on it," such persons would beg o\ the" departing friends. This was not the first time the Communists had '»'''" able to keep a deadly secret from the free world. ''" existence ol tremendous slave-labor camps in the S<>v" Union was kept hidden for many years. Begun as far bae as 1920, a quarter-century and World War II were lo p&' before these gained fairly wide knowledge. Yet ten •' twenty million people at a time were iu these forced-la"0* ramps. Untold millions perished under bestial treatu'1'" ancl merciless overwork. The secret police had a simple method. They could p" up a prospective employee under any one of niiinc1'""'1" Page 20 Facts Forum News, December.
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