(Continued from page 37)
not have come forward to volunteer
"We haven't begun to tap that," replied Mr. Morris. "That is why we
reacted so vigorously in connection
pith what seemed to be reprisals
taken against Mr. Black, one of our
Fitnesses. You must realize that it is
■'cry difficult for an ex-Communist to
POme forward. After all, he has to present a whole lifetime of unfortunate
experiences for public inspection, to
turn himself inside out, as it were, ancl
"pe-nlx acknowledge things that are
repulsive to him. That is a big decision
pr anyone to make."
Asked if the anti-Stalin movement
B Moscow had softened the Communist movement here, Mr. Morris expressed thc opinion that it had not
POne so in tbe slightest degree. "The
nti-Stalinist tendency in Moscow," he
said, "simply means that you have a
Pollective dictatorship rather than an
"idieidual dictatorship. The intelli-
"(iiu operations ancl the international
Iterations of the various Conununist
rallies have not changed one whit,
e"cept. possibly, to become more
"Mr. Morris," asked Mr. Hurleigh,
"has the Immunity Act passed bv Congress to compel witnesses to testify
proved effective in helping to handle
subversives or others that come before
"It has not," Mr. Morris emphatically stated, "because up until six
weeks ago, that Act was before the
Supreme Court for judicial approval.
Even when judicial approval came.
the Supreme Court said specifically
that it was held constitutional only
with respect to witnesses before the
Attorney General. Because of the contended doubtful constitutionality with
respect to congressional committees,
we are still having a difficult time
"I.s the FBI in your opinion having
more difficulty keeping track of subversive's since they have gone underground?" asked Mr. Hurleigh.
Mr. Morris replied that they naturally would have greater difficulty
keeping track of them under such circumstances. "At the same time," he
said, "I presume that the FBI is becoming more anel more efficient and is
tuning its counter-operations in line
with the sharpening of the activities
on the part of the Communists." end
(Continued from page 51)
'hat permeates the ranks of United
States officialdom in the Far Fast. It is
-f-ie that the United States propaganda program has largely lost its
''■f(-( tie eness in Asia. It i.s true that the
"eels have the trumps in their hands.
**"t they can be defeated.
In 1953, seven thousand overseas
Chinese youths went to Communist
•'lin.i lor their college educations. On
fcs tour through tbe Far East that
par, Nice President Richard Nixon
Pecame interested in the problem of
POviding a democratic education for
Pe young people of Southeast Asia.
'-' prodded the State Department and
''"i economic aid people into action.
American funds were provided to
'"''Kase classroom facilities on Formosa. American officials in Southeast
pta began cautiously to make i
"Own that students would be wel
comed in Free China. The government
of Free China was also prodded into
relaxing its stringent securitx' regulations so that overseas Chinese could
get into Formosa.
Since 1954 the tide has turned. In
that year, for instance, 1,200 Chinese
youths in Hong Kong event to Bed
China, while 800 applied for entrance
to Forniosan institutions. In 1955 the
proportion was reversed, only .SOO
going to Communist China and 1,200
to Formosa. In 1956 there were 5,400
overseas students in Fonnosan colleges
and universities, a growth of nearly
■10(1 per cent in three years!
It is clear that given an alternative,
the overseas Chinese xvill not go along
with the Reels. The problem then is to
provide that alternative. The alternative is to keep Free China on Formosa
alive, a vital reminder that there arc
Chinese' that still live in freedom.
IN FREE CHINA
Using 1941 (height of Japanese
development on Formosa) us a
1mm _ ._ 100
Soy !!<>ans 100
But first we must block the efforts
to seat the Chinese Reds in the United
Nations. If this can be blocked in 1956.
the Free World can accomplish wonders before the Communist bloc xvill
have another opportunity. And after
this essentially negative aim is realized, there are other moves that must
The people of Asia must begin to
hear the Free China store-. Much of
the responsibility must be ours. But
Nationalist China has a responsibility
also — to develop better public relations, to begin a "smile" campaign of
its own to match that of the Chinese
Ihe struggle for Asia is nearing a
convulsive stage. It is presently being
lost. But with imagination, knowledge
of the facts, a willingness to depart
from old ways, we may yet save the
day. And perhaps the greatest problem of the Free World can be understood from an entry in the personal
eliarv of President Chiang Kai-shek,
which was made a year ago.
Wrote Free China's President, "Relations between democratic nations are
extremely tenuous; their views are
widely divergent; their efforts are
never concerted; their plans are disconnected; and their actions lack
prompitude. As friends and foes are
not clearly marked out, they mistake
one for the other."
Our basic problem in Asia is perhaps this: we still elo not recognize
our friends. end
Any book reviewed in the book section
lor any other current book! supplied by
return moil, postage prepaid. You pay
only the bookstore price.
"The Complete Bookstore-by-Mail"
THE BOOKMAUER. Box 101, NEW YORK 16
u is I om \i \i ees. Ot lobe