had a rather unfortunate experience
with aid of that kind in UNRRA.
"UNRRA aid accomplished a great
many ends which made us very unhappy," he said. "There would be a
great reluctance. . . ."
Mr. Mehta quickly maneuvered for
a position in which he would not seem
to state that India wanted no aid unless it were channeled through the
"I'm not insisting, Mr. Wilson," he
qualified, "that this proposition can be
put into operation tomorrow. Monsieur Pineau, for example, suggested
that while not cutting off all aid ancl
not channeling all aid through the
United Nations, certain proportions
could be channeled through the
United Nations, ancl gradually that
amount could be increased."
"May I ask you this, which has no
political implication at all," said Mr.
Wilson. "There is discussion in this
country about the type of aid which
we render, specifically in India, as well
as in other countries. What would be
the best form of aid? Would the kind
of aid in which a technician goes to a
village, ancl xxith a relatively small
sum of money devoted to the precise
area attempt to accomplish something be best? Or should it be on a
grander scale? What should we do for
India — assuming we are going to do
"You see, you have given aid, both
technical ancl economic," replied Ambassador Mehta. "And economic aid
has been given in the form of loans as
well as grants. My personal view is
that it should be in the form of loans."
Mr. Mehta was asked why India
places 100 per cent duty on gift fooel
parcels when the Indian people suffer
from a food shortage.
"I don't know whether there is 100
per cent duty on the food parcels,"
replied Ambassador Mehta. "There
have been, it is true, some complaints
from the people who send these, ancl
in every case we have taken up such
complaints. It may be that some customs regulation is in the way.
"Incidentally," he corrected, "I
wouldn't agree that there is any food
shortage in India at the moment, but
that doesn't prevent our accepting any
gifts. However, I have heard such complaints, ancl I am prepared to look into
"Do you feel, after the visit of
Khrushchev and Bulganin to India,
that Russia has really vied away from
doctrines of communism under
Stalin?" inquired Moderator Hurleigh.
Mr. Mehta indicated that he eliel not
think Khrushchev could have made a
stronger condemnation of Stalinism
than he has made.
Asked if, when Prime Minister
Nehru visits America, be intends to ask
for financial aid, Ambassador Mehta
replied, "No, he won't ask for financial aid in the sense ... if he is asked
he will explain what our plan of economic development is. But I don't
think he is coming at all to ask for aid.
He is coming to meet informally with
the President to discuss questions
which India and the United States
have in common." end
The New Veterans' Pension Law
(Continued from page 23)
50 per cent disabled, receives $91.00 a
month. This means that a veteran
could have had frozen feet, lose some
of his toes, and have severe recurring
symptoms and only get $91.00 a
month. A veteran can suffer the permanent collapse of a lung, a war injury, ancl only get $91.00 a month. A
veteran who has three fingers on his
right hand blown off is rated 60 per
cent disabled and receives only $109
a month. A widow who lost her husband in the war receives only $87.00
The point I am making is that the
American Legion leaders are saying to
us that a veteran with no service injury whatever and onlv 90 days of
service should be placed on a par with
these seriously disabled veterans who
suffer a war disability. To me, this is
Now, the American Legion has
taken exception to the cost estimates
on this legislation from the very beginning. They do not deny that we are
now spending 7 per cent of our nation's budget on the veterans' program
and that we are spending nearly a
billion dollars a year on pensions at
the present time. But they do take-
exception to the Veterans Administra
tion cost estimates on their bill. The
fact of the matter is that the American
Legion leaders sent an expert of their
own to the Veterans Administration,
ancl he checked the Veterans Administration computations ancl said that
he finds nothing wrong with them.
Now, I do not oppose the American
Legion Pension Bill completely on the
basis of cost, although I do lx'lieve
that with our national debt standing
at $275 billion, the cost is important
My fundamental opposition is based
on the fact that under the American
Legion leaders' bill, the veterans' program emphasizes benefits for those
veterans with short periods of service,
no combat service, and no achial disabilities, at the expense of the service-
connected disabled. It is unthinkable
to me that a veteran who spent a
few months in a training camp, never
left this country, and never saw combat, should be treated even better
than a veteran with strenuous overseas
combat service and a severe service-
connected disability. Today we only
pay a veteran with a 50 per cent disability $91.00 a month, yet the Legion
proposes to give a man — nothing
wrong with him — $90.00 a month. V
we have money to spend, first consideration should go to service-connected
disabled, widows, and orphans. Second consideration should go to the
nation's general welfare, our national
debt, and our defense needs.
Now, since this bill came before ou'
committee, the Veteran Affairs Con-'
mittee has asked the service officers o>
the different veteran groups to f"r'
nish to the committee the names "'
any veterans in this country that they
thought should be receiving a pen'
sion ancl who are not receiving one-
To date, we've received from tbe en'
tire country approximately two hu"'
dred names. El*"
ADVICE FROM A LEADING
Tin' /ndianapolis Timet of July
8 based its lead editorial upon the
follow iii,;; quotation from Raymond
(.artier, a leading Freneh editor:
"There would be less anti- iineri-
canism in the world if America
abandoned its philanthropic aspira-
tions, its vocation of Santti (.hint-
its transcendental morality, all it*
missionary trappings, all its Roy
Scout gear, and if. at last, it fol'
lowed openly the policy of its otctt
Facts Fom-m News, October,
10 \ K