if the Reds.
so ith Korea
in the Indo-
nns. Even i"
e they may
hey at leas'
id and con-
i The film need not ancl should not
be shown with an American government credit line. They need only be
made available, to the scattering of
staunch ancl still active anti-Communist Chinese, to the scores of American
mission schools, to the trade guilds,
and to the chambers of commerce.
There is such a film now- available.
ft could be made in three Chinese dialect versions, in color, xvith copies for
every country in Southeast Asia, for a
total of $10,000. But when I discussed
this idea with a USIS official in the
far East, be said wearily, "Yes, it is an
pcellent idea. But they xvon't see it in
The United States Information
Agency has some excellent men in the
far East (ancl also several whose
Qualifications are distinctly limited).
't is doing a fair to excellent job in
Hong Kong, Saigon and Taipei. In
Singapore and Thailand it might just
■j well go out of business. But much
°' I'SIS's troubles stem from the
Washington preconception of what
"lakes g00d propaganda.
"SiS Presently Mis-Firing
A few weeks ago a typical USIS
Project was announced: a 5,000 vol-
pie collection of American books (in
English) is being sent to Indonesia,
•^here most people cannot read anv-
■hing. much less English. After the
People- of Indonesia are properly ini-
Pi'i-sscd by books they cannot read.
PSIS plans to ship this magnificent
Election to India.
Another current project is a twenty-
'"'i cxlnl.il called "The Peoples' Capi-
Wism," designed to show all the xvon-
''ers of life in America. The people of
f*ja have but to follow the path of
f*pitalism anil thev, too. can have flush
'"'lets and electricity.
That the people of Southeast Asia
'-'ve needs more transcending than
''"'ctiicity will come- as a grave shock
" Washington propagandists. And it is
' Course' heretical anil even subver-
Fe to imply that 5,000 beautifully-
"iiiid American books will not make
fiends for America.
Hooks and the printed word in genial have a place in the fight. Hut nol
Poks in English, nor expensive books.
'-'i .ind oxer again, from Tokyo to
"igapore, I was told of the need of
f'-nple books, translated into local
Joguages, sold at rock-bottom prices.
'Ir c\cn given to high schools. Every
•■liiicse high school in Southeast \si;i
"''ds (o have library copies of a book
*Cts Fouum News, October, 1956
on Free China, and an equally simple
book on communism. If the right books
are not available, they can be written.
Ancl if the Communists are able to
bribe their way into control of newspapers, why cannot the Free World
subsidize' newspapers and publishers?
Why cannot the United States, under
cover ol a private organization, subsidize the one faltering, poorly-edited
and starving anti-Communist newspaper in Singapore? Why cannot the
same thing be done in Bangkok and
Hong Kong before the press of these
cities is lost?
There are 370 privately-operated
schools in Singapore, 400 in Malaya,
over 100 in Indonesia, 210 in Burma,
600 in Hong Kong, others in Thailand,
North Borneo. Why is it not possible
for these schools, used to date as rallying grounds for Communists, to become instead rallying points for anti-
Communists? It will require a little
money lor organization; books, newspapers, and motion picture*! will be
needed. But as Rodney Gilbert has
pointed out, a fraction of the money
we in- now giving to some of the
neutrals xvill do the job.
Several agencies of the United
States government send visiting scholars and lecturers abroad. I have met
them in a dozen countries. Ancl in general it appears that these men are
Selected primarily on the basis of a
lukewarm attitude about communism.
I have been told, "We can't send a vigorously anti-Communist lecturer to
India or Singiipore. It would cause all
kinds of trouble."
But if we are to save Asia, we must
understand it is time to cause trouble,
that there is a need for outstanding
Americans with unequivocal views on
communism instead of visiting professors of education. Some of the men
might not last long in a few places,
but before they receive their passports, they will have planted seeds,
will have made young people think.
The United States government currently has contracts with fifty-one
American universities and colleges to
carry on special education.il projects
abroad. American professors are showing the South Koreans how to educate
their children. In India, American
teachers are teaching home economics.
Elsewhere Americans are setting up
engineering schools, teachers' colleges,
Granted that it is important to train
engineers and mechanics, teachers and
librarians, all this alone is not enough
unless we can also help make people
think, can open eyes to the evil that
threatens to engulf nations. There are
many American professors of political
science, men of personality and deep
convictions, who could go into the fog-
ridden schools and colleges of South-
east Asia and make young people
Ancl before the growth of neutralism can be stopped, it will be necessary to remove the spirit of defeatism
(Continued on page 55)
Formosa's abundant food will impress Southeast Asians.