For a long time Earl Browder ran the American Communist Party. In 1945 he was purged by order of the Soviet
Government, and replaced by William Z. Foster. In 1949
Foster was replaced by Eugene Dennis, who was followed
by Gus Hall." Communist leadership in America has been
weakened by the Smith Act, which makes it a crime to
advocate the overthrow of the United States Government
The American Communist Party is a real threat to
America. Parte- leaders are on record as stating that they
will not fight for their own country in case of a war with
Russia, 'rile- Part) has shown itself strong anel influential.
The Communist spy ring in the government, involving
Alger Hiss, Lee Pressman, Gregory Silvermaster, Harry
De-\t<T White, Lauchlin Currie, anel others, has been
exposed in courts of law anel congressional committees.
The- William Remington, Coplon, Marzani, Coe, and
Amerasia cases are still other examples of Communist
infiltration in American government. The Klaus-Fuchs-
Ilarrx Gold-Rosenberg-Sobell-Greenglass atom spy ring
hastened Soviet ateim development by at least a year.
Communists are influential also in labor, management,
radio, television, the book trade, education, religion, and
among certain racial anel minority groups. They direct
about 150.000 Americans through the- so-called front organizations.
Communism can only be- slopped militarily. There are-
mane factors other than the economic. In the final analysis.
you cannot throw a food package at an advancing armed
THE SOVIET FIFTH COLUMN IN AMERICA
The Soviet Union considers the- Unite-el States its greatest
enemy. To the forces of international communism, the
United States is the- citadel of decadent capitalistic imperialism, which Stalin said must be- destroyed before there
can In- any real peace (see his speech and that of
Malenkov before the- Nineteenth Congress of the Russian
Communist Parte, The New York Times, October 4, 1952).
Following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, two
•Marxist groups came into being in the United States: the
Communist Labor parte and the- Communist Parte, both
created in 1919. Almost immediately both groups were
breed underground by the vigorous prosecution of Attor-
'n> General A. Mitchell Palmer; these ancl similar groups
Were declared illegal until December 16, 1921. Meantime
Moscow forced a merger of the two Marxist e-lements.
An early leader of the Communists was William Z.
Foster. Born in 1881, Foster had a long record of union
Activity and world travel back of him. He- went to Moscow
'n 1921 when- he attended a conference of the newly-
-ounded Re-el Labor International. After returning to the
"ED.'s NOTE: For .i run-down mi Gus Hall, see- The Communist
''«"i/ ol the IS.A., ei Handbook lor Americans, third installment,
facta Forum Sens. May, 1956: p. 47.
"ED.'s NOTE: In the- Daily Worker of .My 17, 1956, Eugene
Dennis, general secretarj of the Communist rails, was reported to
•*»ve called on President Eisenhower to veto the bill raising Smith
J« penalties to twenty yean. Dennis charged that the mess measure
"introduces a new quality of savagery against dissenting opinion."
'!" same Dewspaper, undei date "I Jul* 10, L956, quotes William
'■ Foster: "The Smith Act, this disreputable pro-Fascist law. ... To
'■'j>< out the Smith Act would constitute one "I the big victories for
-'hil liberties in the histor* oi this country. ■ ■ ■ The- big task now is
'" mobilize . . . resistance to the Smitli Act."
*Acrs Forum News, October, 1956
United States, Foster attended the famous secret Communist meeting in the woods near Bridgeman, Michigan.
where he outlined plans for Communist infiltration into
the trade-union movement.
In May, 1929, American Communist delegates to the
Comintern received the following instructions personally
from Stalin: "I consider the Communist Party of the
United States one of the Communist parties to which history has given decisive tasks from the point of view of the
world revolutionary movement."
The radical Comintern-directed strategy for the Communists of this period was frankly stated by Foster in his
book. Toward a Soviet America, published in 1932: "The
American Soviet Government will join with other Soviet
governments in a world Soviet Union. The American
Soviet Government will be the dictatorship of the proletariat." Foster explicitly called for the formation of Communist "Red Guards," and the abolition of political parties
except for the Communist Party.
Soviet policy-makers decided at the end of 1934 to
embark on the united-front tactic and infiltrate unions
anel governments. In line with this, the American Communists offered their talents to "liberals" ancl labor groups.
One of the new efforts was to create a national "labor
party'' dominated by the Communists. This effort was
successful only in New York State, where the Party
received the collaboration of Congressman Vito Marcan-
tonio, and there the American Labor Party was bom.
The Hitler-Stalin pact and Soviet aggression in Poland
hurt the promising united-front tactic, which had succeeded
in bringing mane Communists ancl pro-Communists to
government jobs in Washington. Communist strikes against
defense industries awakened Americans into a realization
that the- American Communists were mere tools for Soxiet
The German attack on Russia, on June 22, 1941, changed
(.'oniniunist tactics again. Now Communists entered into a
no-strike pledge, and became most patriotic, while
demanding an early "second front." The Communist Parte
went through the formalities of severing ties with the
Comintern so that it would not have to register its members as agents of a foreign power. The united-front tactic-
was back in the saddle. Browder went overboard in
enthusiasm for the anti-Nazi coalition. In March. 1943, In-
proclaimed: "If J. P. Morgan supports this coalition I, as a
Communist, am prepared to clasp his hands and join with
him." Morgan had died several days prior to Browder's
Near the- end of World War 11. Soxiet police' again made
a change. With German power eliminated as a threat to
the Soviet Government, Communist guns could now be
turned on the only remaining bulwark of non-communism
- the United States. In the Max. 1945, issue of the French
Communist publication Cahiers tin Commiiiiisme, an
article- by Jacques Duclos. recently returned from Moscow,
sharply criticized Browder for changing the name of the
American Stalinites to the Conununist Political Association. He tore into Browder's thesis of a "long-term class
peace in the United States." Shortly thereafter Foster
replaced Browder as American Communist chieftain. The
new Communist line- in America declared Browder guilty
for his "gross violation of Partv discipline anel decisions,
for active opposition to the political line and leadership of
our Party, lor developing factional activity, and for betraying the- principles of Marxism-Leninism ancl deserting to