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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 1956
File 043
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 1956 - File 043. 1956-10. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 25, 2017. http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1609/show/1582.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-10). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 1956 - File 043. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1609/show/1582

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 1956 - File 043, 1956-10, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 25, 2017, http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1609/show/1582.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date October 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries Special Collections
  • Energy & Sustainability Research Collection
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 043
Transcript 1956 For a long time Earl Browder ran the American Communist Party. In 1945 he was purged by order of the Soviet Government, and replaced by William Z. Foster. In 1949 Foster was replaced by Eugene Dennis, who was followed by Gus Hall." Communist leadership in America has been weakened by the Smith Act, which makes it a crime to advocate the overthrow of the United States Government by force.** The American Communist Party is a real threat to America. Parte- leaders are on record as stating that they will not fight for their own country in case of a war with Russia, 'rile- Part) has shown itself strong anel influential. The Communist spy ring in the government, involving Alger Hiss, Lee Pressman, Gregory Silvermaster, Harry De-\t<T White, Lauchlin Currie, anel others, has been exposed in courts of law anel congressional committees. The- William Remington, Coplon, Marzani, Coe, and Amerasia cases are still other examples of Communist infiltration in American government. The Klaus-Fuchs- Ilarrx Gold-Rosenberg-Sobell-Greenglass atom spy ring hastened Soviet ateim development by at least a year. Communists are influential also in labor, management, radio, television, the book trade, education, religion, and among certain racial anel minority groups. They direct about 150.000 Americans through the- so-called front organizations. Communism can only be- slopped militarily. There are- mane factors other than the economic. In the final analysis. you cannot throw a food package at an advancing armed Soviet. THE SOVIET FIFTH COLUMN IN AMERICA The Soviet Union considers the- Unite-el States its greatest enemy. To the forces of international communism, the United States is the- citadel of decadent capitalistic imperialism, which Stalin said must be- destroyed before there can In- any real peace (see his speech and that of Malenkov before the- Nineteenth Congress of the Russian Communist Parte, The New York Times, October 4, 1952). Following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, two •Marxist groups came into being in the United States: the Communist Labor parte and the- Communist Parte, both created in 1919. Almost immediately both groups were breed underground by the vigorous prosecution of Attor- 'n> General A. Mitchell Palmer; these ancl similar groups Were declared illegal until December 16, 1921. Meantime Moscow forced a merger of the two Marxist e-lements. An early leader of the Communists was William Z. Foster. Born in 1881, Foster had a long record of union Activity and world travel back of him. He- went to Moscow 'n 1921 when- he attended a conference of the newly- -ounded Re-el Labor International. After returning to the "ED.'s NOTE: For .i run-down mi Gus Hall, see- The Communist ''«"i/ ol the IS.A., ei Handbook lor Americans, third installment, facta Forum Sens. May, 1956: p. 47. "ED.'s NOTE: In the- Daily Worker of .My 17, 1956, Eugene Dennis, general secretarj of the Communist rails, was reported to •*»ve called on President Eisenhower to veto the bill raising Smith J« penalties to twenty yean. Dennis charged that the mess measure "introduces a new quality of savagery against dissenting opinion." '!" same Dewspaper, undei date "I Jul* 10, L956, quotes William '■ Foster: "The Smith Act, this disreputable pro-Fascist law. ... To '■'j>< out the Smith Act would constitute one "I the big victories for -'hil liberties in the histor* oi this country. ■ ■ ■ The- big task now is '" mobilize . . . resistance to the Smitli Act." *Acrs Forum News, October, 1956 United States, Foster attended the famous secret Communist meeting in the woods near Bridgeman, Michigan. where he outlined plans for Communist infiltration into the trade-union movement. In May, 1929, American Communist delegates to the Comintern received the following instructions personally from Stalin: "I consider the Communist Party of the United States one of the Communist parties to which history has given decisive tasks from the point of view of the world revolutionary movement." The radical Comintern-directed strategy for the Communists of this period was frankly stated by Foster in his book. Toward a Soviet America, published in 1932: "The American Soviet Government will join with other Soviet governments in a world Soviet Union. The American Soviet Government will be the dictatorship of the proletariat." Foster explicitly called for the formation of Communist "Red Guards," and the abolition of political parties except for the Communist Party. Soviet policy-makers decided at the end of 1934 to embark on the united-front tactic and infiltrate unions anel governments. In line with this, the American Communists offered their talents to "liberals" ancl labor groups. One of the new efforts was to create a national "labor party'' dominated by the Communists. This effort was successful only in New York State, where the Party received the collaboration of Congressman Vito Marcan- tonio, and there the American Labor Party was bom. The Hitler-Stalin pact and Soviet aggression in Poland hurt the promising united-front tactic, which had succeeded in bringing mane Communists ancl pro-Communists to government jobs in Washington. Communist strikes against defense industries awakened Americans into a realization that the- American Communists were mere tools for Soxiet foreign policy. The German attack on Russia, on June 22, 1941, changed (.'oniniunist tactics again. Now Communists entered into a no-strike pledge, and became most patriotic, while demanding an early "second front." The Communist Parte went through the formalities of severing ties with the Comintern so that it would not have to register its members as agents of a foreign power. The united-front tactic- was back in the saddle. Browder went overboard in enthusiasm for the anti-Nazi coalition. In March. 1943, In- proclaimed: "If J. P. Morgan supports this coalition I, as a Communist, am prepared to clasp his hands and join with him." Morgan had died several days prior to Browder's speech. Near the- end of World War 11. Soxiet police' again made a change. With German power eliminated as a threat to the Soviet Government, Communist guns could now be turned on the only remaining bulwark of non-communism - the United States. In the Max. 1945, issue of the French Communist publication Cahiers tin Commiiiiisme, an article- by Jacques Duclos. recently returned from Moscow, sharply criticized Browder for changing the name of the American Stalinites to the Conununist Political Association. He tore into Browder's thesis of a "long-term class peace in the United States." Shortly thereafter Foster replaced Browder as American Communist chieftain. The new Communist line- in America declared Browder guilty for his "gross violation of Partv discipline anel decisions, for active opposition to the political line and leadership of our Party, lor developing factional activity, and for betraying the- principles of Marxism-Leninism ancl deserting to Page 41
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