In this condensation, it has been necessary for Facts Forum News to depart
from its established custom of presenting the text as a whole, albeit in
shortened form. Mr. Bouscaren's writing is so compact that complete coverage proved impossible in the allotted space. Hence much masterly discussion of the world situation had to be omitted. The complete book contains
191 pages, plus bibliography and index. The price is $3.00.
America Faces World Communism
BASIC FACTS OF COMMUNISM
COMMUNISM is a movement based on economic determinism which is trying to conquer the world
through force and violence. The leaders are the
Russian Communist Party, the Soviet Government, ancl
their friends in other countries.
The theory of communism is that the "proletariat" (led
by the "vanguard" or Communist Party) will conquer the
"capitalists" through force ancl violence, ancl then establish
a dictatorial state which will "wither away" after all
Dictatorship of the proletariat does not mean dictatorship by the workers. It means dictatorship by the Communist Party. When the "world dictatorship of the proletariat" is established, the government of people will be
replaced by "the administration of things." Socialism prevails until all non-Soviet states are destroyed through
revolution. Then, and only then, does "communism"
appear, according to Soviet theory.
Communism as a theory is based on the incorrect supposition that economic factors determine the course of
history; it assumes that harmony among classes is impossible; it assumes that man is all matter and no spirit.
Communism in practice is characterized by internal
tyranny and external aggression. It is incompatible with
personal freedom, national independence, ancl world peace.
The idea of communism is not the real danger; it has
never in itself gained control of any state. Communism
does not just spread or grow; it wins control of states
through the military ancl political intervention of the Soviet
Government. Communism gained control in Russia
because its leaders were transported there by the German
Imperial Government, in 1917, in an attempt to overthrow
the existing Russian regime. This regime, made up of naive
and trusting liberals (who had overthrown the Czar),
tried to create democracy in Russia overnight ancl still
continue war against Germany. It extended political freedom to the Communists who, taking advantage of Russia's
unstable condition, created a military force which
destroyed through violence the whole system of political
freedom which the liberals hael just established.
Lenin's party was first known as the Bolsheviks, the
impatient Marxists who wished to gain a monopoly of
political power through force. In January, 1918, the
Bolsheviks changed their name to the Communist Party
of Russia. About six million people in a Soviet population
of 200 million belong to the Communist Party of the
USSR. Party members, especially the important ones, control the police, the armed forces, the forced-labor system,
anel all branches of government. Modern means of repression have become so effective that a small number can
control a much greater number of people.
Party members, once admitted, can continue in the
good graces of the Party only if they obey the dictator and
his lieutenants without hesitation. The Communist Party
is the government. There are no free elections in Russia-
Soviet Russia has plebiscites, in which almost everybody
is herded to the polls ancl votes as he is told; failure to
comply is inadvisable.
The only part of the Soviet Constitution which has an)
meaning is that which states that the Communist Party
shall be the only party in Russia.
As for freedom in religion — Catholics, Jews, ancl Protestants have none whatever. Some few Russian Orthodox
churchmen have limited freedom as long as they support
the dictatorship anel assist it to extend its power.
The Russian economy is state-owned ancl state-operated;
this applies to both industry and agriculture. Main important projects arc- built by slave labor. Escape-el inmates an'1
Soviet officials who have lle-d Russia have written documented studies of these slave-labor camps.
The Soviet Government directly controls all orthodo*
Communist parties throughout the world. These parti6"
never criticize the Soviet Government or Soviet leaders*
They arc in effect nothing more than advance elements oI
the Soviet Army abroad. Their first allegiance is to the
Soviet Union; their purpose, to assist the Soviet Govern'
ment to establish a world Soviet Empire, and to weake0
through subversion all non-Soviet governments.
Facts Forum News, October, 195"