Mr. Larsen probed for details on
plans for remedial legislation.
"That will be left up to the senator
who is going to introduce the bill,"
replied Mr. Morris, "but the idea will
be to regularize the entry into the
country of these unforhtnate people.
Minel you, they bad to put down on
their papers that they were born in
places other than the Soviet Union, in
order to avoid being forcibly sent back
to the Soviet Union where the-y would
either have been executed or sent to
concentration eamps.lt is understandable that they have falsified their
papers, anel that most of them gave
false names. Legislation would be required to regularize their entry into
this country — even allowing them to
Use the false names they have. After
all, they are now known in particular
("niiiiiiiu'tie-s as new personalities. A
security threat will have been abolished by the- enactment of such legislation."
"As far as general laws go on tightening regulations — on being able to
prosecute members of the Communist
' arty, such as prosecution under the
^mitli Act," inquired Mr. Larsen, "has
'hat tended to force the Communist
apparatus underground as so many
Persons have feared? What is the re-
Sl|lt ol this moving in on the Comnui-
n'st Party with all the legal weapons
■■"e do have?"
dates' Efforts Nullified
8y Supreme Court
It was pointed out that this was a
J'biation which hail been brought out
,'V recent Internal Security hearings.
'hi- Supreme Court decision in the-
"■elson ease-," pointed out Mr. ,Morris,
■i is Forum News, October, 1956
"brought about a situation whereby
the efforts on the part of forty-two of
the forty-eight states were completely
nullified. That means that all of the
Communists who have been prosecuted by individual states, the convic-
tions that have been obtained, the
cases that were pending in the various state-s against the Communists,
have now been nullified, and all these
Communists are going free.
"Anel Massachusetts, in particular,"
he inserted parenthetically, "had a
very effective anti-Communist organization operating.
"It's even more far-reaching than
that," be went on, "because the continuing investigations are being elefie-d
by the Communists in these states. In
other words, the Massachusetts Commission has been holding hearings on
Viktor Solovyev, 20-
year-old Soviet seaman,
one of four who have
avoided return to Russia, tells an interpreter
before the Senate
Internal Security Subcommittee that he is
certain at least two of
five Soviet seamen did
not want to return
home. Solovyev says
that although he got
away, all he wants
right now is a gun for
SSIP1- SS'IIEEI.IE PHOTO
these- things preliminary to convictions
and indictments. Now the witnesses
whom they call defy the Commission
and say that it is unconstitutional.
That particular Supreme Court eleei-
sion has produced ominous consequences. As a result we hael two senators introduce bills — Senator Bridges
anel Senator McCarthy — which would
amend the Smith Act to make it
apparent that Congress eliel neit mean
to pre-empt the field when it comes to
Mr. Morris indicated that, particularly since the Attorney General has
supported the Subcommittee's view,
legislation woulel remeely this defective situation in the very near future.
Mr. Doherty called attention to a
witness who hael recently appeared
before the Subcommittee, a Newark
chemist, Thomas Black. "He testified
that he hael been a Soviet agent for a
good many years largely due to a fear
of assassination — to pressure put on
him by Soviet agents," said Mr.
Doherty, outlining that Black bad
started out as a Communist, but came
to hate communism. "After he gave
his testimony he was fired from bis
Taking note of the fact that Black's
job had been restored to him since
that time through the efforts of Mr.
Morris's subcommittee, Mr. Doherty
asked, "That raises a larger question.
How far can we tmst former Soviet
agents — former Communists who say
they have recanted? How many of
them have actually recanted?"
"Well, it's a surprising thing," re-
plie-el Mr. Morris. "In the first place,
Black's immeeliate employer, Percy
Heeley, said at all times that he was
going to stand by Black. The difficulty
came when the Atlas Refining Company of Newark, New Jersey, saiel that
they did not want him in the plant.
The Subcommittee feels, however,
that an adequate solution has been
reached through a decision whereby
Black, if he gets security clearance
from the Army, Navy, and Air Force
— who have government eontraets
with the Atlas Refining Company —
WIDK WiU.l.l. PHOTO
Wasilii Kowalew ond his wife Nino display a torn
shirt after testifying April 25 that they believe
five Soviet seamen who suddenly gave up U. S.
asylum and returned to Russia were kidnaped by
Soviet agents. The Kowalews, Russian emigres,
said the shirt, which was found with blood around
the tear, was worn by one of the men the day
before he disappeared.