bring on socialized medicine in the United
Senator Olin D. Johnston remarked
that he recalled the unfavorable comment which arose concerning the original Social Security bill. Some declared
that it was socialistic; others charged
that it was the beginning of a program
which would put everyone on the federal retirement program; others held
that it would break the country.16
Preiponents claim that there are millions retired today who refute such
Marges. The system lias been in oper-
ation for twenty years, ancl reserves,
"•vestments, and earnings of the system increase each year. Millions retire
■'•'ch year and start drawing benefits,
tod the- program has not cost the federal government a cent; the cost is
Paid for out of the Social Security
Contributions of the- 53,400,000 participants in the program.
"''lions for Foreign Relief
Senator Johnston remarked that the
-'"iiiitry could hardly justify denying
the aged ancl disabled workers the
''tilization of their own savings, espe-
Pally in view of the fact that the eoun-
ry had given awaj in excess of $114
"Hion for the relief of foreign people
•luring the last 30 years.
Many legislators expressed dissatis-
Ncta'on to thc end with a bill which
Pd not provide more liberal disability
P-verage — one broadened to include
«ny age group which was permanently
^d totally disabled — not necessaril*.
"at of 50 years or upward. As a mat-
to of fact, numerous other advocates
P* the new-type disability benefits
'ave made it clear that a person elis-
a°lecl in his thirties, say, is fully as
PUch in need of help as one disabled
r fifty years."
Some legislators favoring the Social
pcurity amendment agreed, however,
hi>t the fifty-year limitation was a step
." the right direction; and, since- it was
I k**ter to take one step at a time rather
"-m no step at all, they were in accord
'th the proposed amendment. This
E*e holds true- for the retirement age
t 62 years for women. Some thought
^at the age limit should be place-el at
Ply; however, they agreed that retire-
. l'"t at sixty-two was better than hav-
P8 the person wait until she was sixty-
|Ve- This is more of the one-step-at-a-
J°e, but a step-in-the-right-directiori
.,'t is generally agreed, even among
'-' most enthusiastic amendment sup-
■""'te-rs. that perfection will not be
A-T.s Forum News, October. 1956
achieved in the administration of a
liberal Social Security program; but,
thanks to the untiring efforts of a
number of legislators, (ill of the prospective recipients of benefits will not
be penalized because of such imperfection.
Some say that it is extremely easy
for those persons not disabled in any
way to be- negative regarding a disability provision in a Social Security
amendment. But as for those hopelessly crippled or otherwise disabled
with cancer, multiple sclerosis, arthritis, or any of the scores of other diseases — they can't be negative and
objective . . . their problems are very
Critics of the amendment cite iso-
late-el eases where, in the ease of
rehabilitation, personal initiative triumphed over handicap. Such rehabilitation is tbe ideal situation, of course.
Unfortunately, claim advocates of the
amendment, such opportunities for the
majority of tbe handicapped exist only
in imagination anel theory. Too few of
the disabled are really qualified to do
work of a technical nature. This being
tbe ease, who is going to hire a paraplegic, or an arthritic invalid, or a
Advocates of a more liberal Social
Security program are jubilant over the
presidential signing of the bill. They
claim that a new day of hope dawned
for hundreds of thousands of unfortunate people when the President
wrote his signature on the bill, lowering the sixty-five-year retirement age
for women to sixty-two, and permitting permanently-disabled workers to
start drawing benefits at the age of
"This," they say, "is humanitarian
legislation. It provides a new milestone
in security for the people of America."
"Ibid., p. 11858.
""What AboEit t!s(- Plan to Pension Hie- De.s.eIeIe-eI?"
U. S Venn mid World Report ( Mees 18. 1956),
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