-MAIN POINTS OF NEW SOCIAL SECURITY AMENDMENT-
Benefits for individuals aged 50 and over who
are totally disabled.
"Primary" benefits, wife's benefits, widow's benefits, and parent's benefits payable to women at
and after age 61, instead of age 65.
Continuation of child's benefits for children after
age 18, if they were totally disabled on attaining
age 18 and, except for age, would be eligible
for child's benefits.
Coverage to lawyers, dentists, veterinarians, Chiropractors, optometrists, and other professional
SVE.m EE PHOTO
Left: Congressman Jere Cooper
(D-Tenn.) introduced the Social
Security bill, H. R. 7225.
Right: Senator Olin D. Johnston
(D-S.C.i stated that we should
honor and take care of our aged
V security can and must be guaranteed, claim advocates of a liberal Social
Security system. They say that changing social conditions make increased
Social Security benefits imperative, and that the federal government is the
logical dispenser of such benefits. This line of reasoning is outlined below.
SVlIEi: SVOIILD PHOTO
advocates of a liberalized Social
i\ Security program maintain that
**• A.if foes of the program could
read some of the thousands of pathetic,
°ften tragic, letters which pour into
■he offices of legislators, pleading for
Assistance, perhaps they would not be
luite so adamant in their objections
Proponents of H. R. Bill 7225, which
'beralizes Social Security benefits,
[•'aim that its passage will prove a
"°on to hundreds of thousands who
*r<' disabled, as well as to women who
**H be able to retire at 62 instead of
^ years of age.
When President Eisenhower signed
the bill on August 1, 1956, he
e*Pressecl the hope that it would
"•Vance the economic security of the
c°untry. Those senators and congressmen who have long fought for passage
r***CTs Foiil'M NEWS, October, 1956
of the bill feel sure that it will indeed
provide additional security.
Senator Richard L. Neuberger (D-
Ore.), speaking before the United
States Senate, stated that older people
today constitute more of our present
low-income group than ever before in
history. He said that many women are
widowed in their fifties or early sixties,
ancl that a great percentage of them
have either never worked, or have not
had recent work experience. Therefore, they find it all but impossible to
find jobs. Thc only alternatives are
either being dependent on their children, or seeking assistance from public
or private welfare agencies.
As for unmarried women who have
held jobs for long periods of time, they
find, when searching for new work,
that the policies of new employers
regarding age usually preclude their
employment. The minority of tbe Senate Finance Committee stated:
\u\ woman who loses her job between
tin- age-s oi 62 and 65 cannot easily get
other employment. Tlie hut is that the
overwhelming majority of women at the
a<^es of fill to 65 are net gainfully employed. When this age group is compared
lo (In- age group 55 to 64, we find that
women go out e>( tin- labor Iehe-e- about
two and one-half times faster than men.1
Another aspect of the matter is the
wives of men over 65 years of age . . .
since wives are generally several years
younger than their husbands, anel since
a wile heretofore could not retire at an
early age, the alternatives were to
either try to live on the meager retirement income of the husband, or to
work herself and help augment their
(Continued on page 15)
'84 Congressional Record (1956). p. 11887.