Nationalist soldier on Quemoy Island
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Free China's government building, Taipei, Formosa
Throughout Asia people are
jumping on the- neutralist bandwagon. This is my unhappy con-
elusion, base-el em twei recent exte'iieleel
trips to the Far East, covering Asia
from Korea and Japan south through
I'ormeisa, Hong Kerner, Southeast Asia,
; anel eastward to the borders of Tibet
19nd India. The growth of neutralism is
lts<'ll disturbing; even more so is the
deterioration in morale observed in
16 six months between one trip in
I J'Hiii.iiy and another in June ancl July.
Neutralism is being carefully nur-
pred by the Chinese Communists,
fho have given up sabre-rattling in
Ivor of a gigantic "smile" campaign,
[•th headquarters in British Hong
jOng. And it is inspired bv the ehill-
**S fear that Communist China will
seated in the- United Nations — if
")°t during the sessions of the- Genera]
fssembly this November, certainly in
1 he- fear grows with talk of easing
|raele- restrictions, with the pronouncements of men like David Marshall.
gel) Chief Minister of Singapore,
Iho stated in Hong Kong thai e-ommu-
■sin poses no menace for Southeast
s';i- It increases through siic-h diplomatic moves as Egypt's recognition of
J^d China. Certainly the major diplo-
**he goal of the- Communist world.
*Jckeel by India, is admission of the
fjfolese Reds to the United Nations.
f,.1-'' the- fear in non-Communist Asia
'."nit with the assistance of comniu-
'jj,ls"i's newly-acquired errand boy,
H^ypt, the goal can be achieved. For
people of Asia do neit need an
cus, much less an adding machine,
^s Forum News. October, 1956
to realize that the Communist bloc,
plus the neutrals, plus the Arab bloc
and some of the uncommitte-el nations.
can ease- Re-el China into the United
Some observers believe the first step
may be a complicated maneuver to
substitute India for Nationalist China
on the Security Council, thus giving
the Reds (me- more vital vote and influencing the uncommitte-el nations. It
matters little what method is use-el.
What is important is for the Free
World tei understand the consequences and move swiftly to block Red
China's admission in 1956.
The unanimous resolutions of the
House and Senate against admitting
Red China to the FJN helped dispel
some of the fear eif Asians, anel may
even cause some nations now inclined
to vote for Reel China to hold off for
another year. But the- danger remains;
the fear is still there.
The effect of this fear can be seen in
Bangkok,- where the Chinese language
press, anti-Communist nine months
ago. has made an almost complete
shift to neutralism or outright support
of Peiping. Or it is seen in the near
defeat eil the' pro-West government of
Japan in recent elections. It can be
John C. Caldwell, well-known
newspaper columnist, has been
writing articles and books about
< li i r■ ;■ since thc age of eighteen.
An American citizen, born in
China anel partly eelucuted there,
he has served the Unite-d States
Government for years as an expert
on Far Eastern affairs.
noted in the sudden emergence of
fully-organized Reel cadres among the
Chinese population of Sarawak, in
British North Borneo. And it can be
seen in the deterioration of morale on
Formosa, in the increased anxiety of
the Free Chinese. For if Communist
China is admitted tei the United Nations, the "Two China" idea vvill become reality; trade restrictions will
be lifted, recognition of Peiping b)
other nations will inevitably follow,
anel Free China's remaining influence-
in Asia will be lost.
Every move made by Red China in
recent months has been aimed at creating a neutralism that will favor its
goal of attaining the prestige anel
respectability that United Nations
membership will give. The latest in
these moves was the invitation tei a
number of American newsmen to visit
Communist China. The- Communists
have placed the United States in a
difficult position. If we refuse permission for American writers to visit Re-el
China, we will be damned by the-
Communists and even by some of our
allie-s. And if we waive present passport restrictions, we also run a risk.
For many of the men who would visit
Communist China are the same ine-n
whose dismal repenting have created
the mess we- are- ill today. How can we
be sure that men who called the Communists mere reformers less than a
decade ago, who did not understand
the nature ol Nationalist China's problems on the mainland, will not again
Thus once again, as has so often
been the case during the past decade-.